SUBMISSION OF THE REPORT OF THE PRESIDENTIAL WORKING PARTY ON EDUCATION REFORM (PWPER)
1) Ministry of Education to adopt a Comprehensive School system (PP1 — Grade
9) comprising Pre-Primary, Primary school and Junior School managed as one
institution. The term “Secondary” be dropped from the current Junior Secondary
and Senior Secondary School.
2) Kenya should prioritise investing in foundational learning to avert future crisis
in education. Basic literacy, numeracy and transferable skills such as social,
emotional skills ensures essential blocks for acquiring higher order skills.
3) Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) to reduce the number of
learning areas from 9 to 7 at Lower Primary; 12 to 8 at Upper Primary; 14 to 9 at
Junior School in order to address overload and overlaps. The learning areas at
Pre-Primary to be 5 and at Senior School to be 7.
4) Ministry of Education to discontinue the current categorisation of public
Secondary schools as National, Extra-county, County and Sub-county; and adopt
a categorization based on career pathways for Senior schools.
5) Rename Education Management Information System (EMIS) to Kenya Education
Management Information System (KEMIS); and the Ministry of Education in
collaboration with the Ministry of Interior and National Administration to integrate
registration of births and to capture students in tertiary and vocational institutions
as well as school-age learners who are out of school.
6) The Ministry of Education to establish Kenya School of Teacher and Education
Management (KeSTEM) to coordinate In-service training; and Kenya Teacher
Training College (KeTTC) to undertake administration of all Pre-service Teacher
7) To resolve overlapping mandate in Quality Assurance and Standards function in
Basic Education, transfer the Quality Assurance and Standards functions at TSC
to the Ministry of Education. In addition strengthen the Directorate of Quality
Assurance and Standards at the State Department of Basic Education.
8) In order to attract, develop and retain effective teachers, there be a one-year
mandatory retooling program for all graduates of pre-service training to be CBCcompliant;
and a one-year mandatory internship program upon completion of
pre-service training before being registered into the teaching profession.
9) Implement a minimum essential package to cushion schools with enrolment
below the optimum level. The recommended amounts are Ksh. 70,200 for Pre-
Primary; Ksh. 537,120 for Primary level; Ksh. 2,030,805 for Junior School; Ksh.
3,041,145 for Senior School; and Ksh. 1,890,000 for Special Needs Education.
10) Implement revised capitation in view of the realities of CBC as follows: Ksh 1,170
for Pre-Primary; Ksh. 2,238 for Primary level; Ksh. 15,043 for Junior School; Ksh.
22,527 for Senior School (Day); Ksh. 19,800 for SNE (Day) and Ksh. 38,280 for
SNE (Boarding); and consider increasing the grant for ACE. The capitation and
grants to be reviewed every three years.
11) Coordinate the management of bursaries and scholarships under the Kenya Basic
Education Bursaries and Scholarship Council as a successor to the Jomo Kenyatta
12) The Ministry of Education to develop guidelines for accelerated education
programs for marginalised groups, learners with special needs and adult and
continuing education, to enhance equitable access and inclusion.
13) Institutionalise linkages of TVETs with industries and government projects; and
develop pathways for continuity between TVET and Universities and vice versa.
14) Adopt a sustainable financing model for University education that combines
grants/scholarship, loans and household contributions for differentiated
categories of students as vulnerable, extremely needy, needy and less needy in
order to address equitable access and inclusion in education.
15) Enact the proposed Tertiary Education Placement and Funding Bill to amalgamate
HELB, UFB and TVET Fund to enhance efficiency in higher education funding.
16) National Government and County Governments to develop a financing framework
for ring-fencing resources for VTCs.
17) The Government to operationalise the Open University in Kenya with the first
cohort of students being admitted in September, 2023.
18) To strengthen governance of the University sector, undertake amendments to
the Universities Act to amongst others, exclude Public Service Commission (PSC)
in the appointment process of Chancellors, provide for a selection panel in the
appointment of Chancellors and Council members, and empower Councils to be
responsible for appointment of Vice-Chancellors and other top management of
19) Institutionalise environmental conservation and climate change action in all
20) Introduce a mandatory three (3) months community service programme for
graduates of Senior School before joining Tertiary institutions and a further
nine (9) months of mandatory community service after completion of Tertiary
education. A certificate of compliance to the community service to be issued as
proof before admission into the world of work.
21) Government of Kenya to develop internal capacity of KNEC to print national